Klinik und Poliklinik
für Innere Medizin II
Klinik und Poliklinik für Innere Medizin II
Direktor: Univ.-Prof. Dr. med. Roland. M. Schmid

Principal Investigator Dr. Moritz Middelhoff

Our group studies the intestinal neuro-epithelial crosstalk in homeostasis and regeneration.

Team | Research background



Research background

The enteric nervous system (ENS) innervates small and large intestine with a complex network of neurons, which enable the unique, predominantly autonomous regulation of intestinal absorption, secretion and peristalsis. Multiple neurotransmitters, in their variety resembling the complexity of the central nervous system, execute local neuronal activation. The importance of the ENS for regular homeostasis becomes apparent upon structural abnormalities (often genetic diseases) or functional alterations of neuronal signaling (often inflammation; tumorigenesis).


The intestinal epithelium is surrounded by the intestinal niche, a complex mixture of mucosal cells and signaling molecules, which closely modulate epithelial cell function. Enteric neurons are an essential component of the intestinal niche. The focus of our work is to characterize the functional role of neuronal signaling within the intestinal niche. Neuro-epithelial interactions will be characterized by employing in vivo and in vitro models in homeostasis and regeneration. In particular, we aim to investigate neuronal signaling in the intestinal stem cell niche.


In close collaboration with Quante lab.





Medical theses | PhD | Grant support

Medical theses | PhD

For inquiries regarding open PhD, MD or Bachelor/Master positions on "neuro-epithelial interactions" please contact me by email.


Grant support

  • Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft
  • Kommission für klinische Forschungsprojekte (KKF) TUM


Head: Dr. med. Moritz Middelhoff
Klinik und Poliklinik für Innere Medizin II
Klinikum rechts der Isar der TUM
Ismaninger Str. 22, 81675 München

Tel.: (0 89) 41 40 - 83 13
Fax: (0 89) 30 62 - 67 96
Email: moritz.middelhoff@tum.de